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Full text of "I And Thou"

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English under the title God Transcendent, shows, espe-
cially in the earlier German editions, that his investi-
gation of the problem of transcendence lies under an
almost incalculable obligation to Buber's work. I and
Thou is the treasure-house from which the philosopher
selects the gems specially valuable for himself. Thus
Heim's development of the idea of " dimensions " to
express the difference between the " /—It experience "
and the " /—Thou relation " is a reflective analysis of
Buber's main thesis that " to man the world is twofold,
in accordance with his twofold nature". With Heim's
impressive systematic elaboration of this thought it may
be said that the old monistic way of thinking has given
way before the pressure of a new conviction.
In dogmatic theology, too, the same new tendencies
are at work. Objects are in the past, but the relation of
the I to the Thou is in the present. Theology, with its
fresh insight into the significance of the present moment,
is gaining in consequence a new understanding of the
essentially personal nature of God's relation to men and
of men's relation to one another. Theology has taken
on a new note of crisis, and is rediscovering the necessity
for decision, for a responsible response«to the claim
made upon us, not in the dead past or the imagined
future but now, by the living God. What Buber has
done is to state in classic form the nature of the claim
made upon us by the "transcendent". It would
seem, indeed, as if the full reality indicated by Buber
has yet to be appreciated by dogmatic theologians.
For faith is a meeting : it is not a trust in the world of
It, of creeds or other forms, which are objects, and have
their life in the past; nor is it, on the other hand, a